Conditions

Our general purchase/sales conditions, MPC conditions & arbitration regulation (version 28.01.2013) and Incoterms 2010 are applicable to all our offers, sales & purchases.

1. General purchase and sales conditions of Alpha Milkpowders Holland B.V.
To download our conditions, please click here.

2. MPC conditions & MPC arbitration regulation
The MPC-Conditions are a unique set of general trading conditions for the international trade in dairy products. These conditions are established by the Dairy Products Wholesalers Association (The Hague, the Netherlands). The MPC-conditions set general trade rules especially for milk powders but also for other dairy products.

The MPC Conditions are divided into three parts:
- MPC Conditions applicable within the European Union
- MPC Conditions applicable outside the European Union
- MPC Arbitration regulations

Please click on the language you wish to download:

- Dutch - French - Spanish
- English - German  

3. Incoterms® 2010
International Commercial Terms
The Incoterms® rules are an internationally recognized standard and are used worldwide in international and domestic contracts for the sale of goods. First published in 1936, Incoterms® rules provide internationally accepted definitions and rules of interpretation for most common commercial terms. The rules have been developed and maintained by experts and practitioners brought together by ICC and have become the standard setting in international business rules. They help traders avoid costly misunderstandings by clarifying the tasks, costs and risks involved in the delivery of goods from sellers to buyers.

Classification
The 11 Incoterms® 2010 rules are presented in two distinct classes:

RULES FOR ANY MODE OF TRANSPORT
EXW EX WORKS
FCA
FREE CARRIER
CPT
CARRIAGE PAID TO
CIP
CARRIAGE AND INSURANCE PAID TO
DAT
DELIVERED AT TERMINAL
DAP
DELIVERED AT PLACE
DDP
DELIVERED DUTY PAID

 

Main carriage not paid by seller:
EXW: the seller minimizes its risk by only making the goods available at its own
premises.
FCA:

unless otherwise agreed, the seller arranges and pays for any pre-carriage
up to the point of delivery.

Main carriage paid by seller:
CPT: seller contracts for main carriage up to named place/point of destination.
CIP: in addition to the obligations under CPT, the seller also contracts for insurance up to the named place/point of destination.

 

Arrival:
DAT: seller undertakes to place the goods at the disposal of the buyer unloaded
from the arriving means of transport at the agreed place/point of destination.
DAP: seller undertakes to place the goods at the disposal of the buyer ready for
unloading by the buyer at the agreed place/point of destination.
DDP: seller undertakes to place the goods at the disposal of the buyer ready for
unloading by the buyer at the agreed place/point of destination and to clear
the goods for import and pay duty and other official charges
(unless otherwise agreed).

 

RULES FOR SEA AND INLAND WATERWAY TRANSPORT
FAS FREE ALONGSIDE SHIP
FOB
FREE ON BOARD
CFR
COST AND FREIGHT
CIF
COST INSURANCE AND FREIGHT

 

Main carriage not paid by seller:
FAS: seller undertakes to place the goods alongside the ship nominated by
the buyer.
FOB: seller undertakes to place the goods on board of the ship nominated by
the buyer.

 

Main carriage paid by seller:
CFR: seller arranges and pays for contract of carriage to the named port of
destination.
CIF: in addition to obligations under CFR, the seller also contracts for insurance
up to the named port of destination.

 

The first class includes the seven Incoterms® 2010 rules that can be used irrespective of the mode of transport selected and irrespective of whether one or more than one mode of transport is employed. EXW, FCA, CPT, CIP, DAT, DAP and DDP belong to this class. They can be used even when there is no maritime transport at all. It is important to remember, however, that these rules can be used in cases where a ship is used for part of the carriage.

In the second class of Incoterms® 2010 rules, the point of delivery and the place to which the goods are carried to the buyer are both ports, hence the label “sea and inland waterway” rules. FAS, FOB, CFR and CIF belong to this class. Under the last three Incoterms rules, all mention of the ship’s rail as the point of delivery has been omitted in preference for the goods being delivered when they are “on board” the vessel. This more closely reflects modern commercial reality.